We will review evidence from neuroscience, complex network research and evolution theory and demonstrate that — at least in terms of psychopharmacological intervention — on the basis of our understanding of brain function it seems inconceivable that there ever will be a drug that has the desired effect without undesirable side effects. [Neuroethics]
Anarchist conference descends into chaos
Virgos suffering ‘astrological discrimination’ in China
The Belgian city of Bruges has approved plans to build a pipeline which will funnel beer underneath its famous cobbled streets. Locals and politicians were fed up with huge lorries clattering through the cobbled streets.
Mother drives with 5-month-old in trunk to avoid being cited for not having car seat
Blind people have four times more nightmares than sighted people
Scientists may have accidentally misread space dust as evidence of the Big Bang
Researcher proves, mathematically, that black holes do not exist
Rollercoaster thrill-seekers showered in blood after ride decapitates deer
Experiences feel more intense — whether good or bad — when someone else is there to share them, new study says
Have you ever felt lost and alone? If so, this experience probably involved your hippocampus, a seahorse-shaped structure in the middle of the brain. About 40 years ago, scientists with electrodes discovered that some neurons in the hippocampus fire each time an animal passes through a particular location in its environment. These neurons, called place cells, are thought to function as a cognitive map that enables navigation and spatial memory. Place cells are typically studied by recording from the hippocampus of a rodent navigating through a laboratory maze. But in the real world, rats can cover a lot of ground. For example, many rats leave their filthy sewer bunkers every night to enter the cozy bedrooms of innocent sleeping children. In a recent paper, esteemed neuroscientist Dr. Dylan Rich and colleagues investigated how place cells encode very large spaces. Specifically, they asked: how are new place cells recruited to the network as a rat explores a truly giant maze? [Sick papes]
Woman has married herself after being single for six years
Penises grown in lab could be tested on humans within five years
Vaginal orgasm doesn't exist, study
Other people can tell whether your partner is cheating on you
‘Back-up husbands,’ ‘emotional affairs’ and the rise of digital infidelity
Alcohol makes smiles more 'contagious,' but only for men
Couvade syndrome: why some men develop signs of pregnancy
Women first entered Russian universities as early as in 1859. Four university centres, including in St. Petersburg and Kiev, expressed their support for women’s education, allowing them to attend classes as external ‘free students’, i.e. not officially enrolled. While these changes did not lead to equal rights for men and women in the area of education—a right which women activists would continue struggle for throughout subsequent decades—they constituted a first step in the formation of the multi-layered system of women’s education which was in place prior to the 1917 revolution. […] Russian women became one of the first to achieve full voting rights, and the Soviet Constitution of 1918 fully and finally confirmed women’s rights to study at all levels of the educational system. The Labour Code of 1918 guaranteed women a 16-week maternity leave and a premium for breast- feeding, but most important of all it guaranteed equal wages for equal work. […] These and other events which occurred at the beginning of the twentieth century led Irina Yukina to posit the thesis that the pre-revolutionary activities of women were fully successful. […] The rebirth of feminism in the conditions of Soviet reality began in 1979. […] This article presents a short history of the origin and creation of the Almanac “Women and Russia,” which began as a samizdat underground publication devoted to the problem of women and childrearing in the USSR. […] The women writers featured in the first edition of the Almanac […] exposed the consequences for women living and functioning in a patriarchal social order, and ironically one where all the questions concerning ‘women’s rights’ were deemed to have been resolved in a progressive fashion much earlier. [de Gruyter]
Men seem to focus more on the artist’s background and authenticity, while women pay more attention to the art itself.
Our results show that even in an environment where other group members show no bias, women in male-typed areas and men in female-typed areas may be less influential [PDF]
Who has more appeal and influence: Someone who makes decisions with considerable thought and analysis or someone who takes virtually no time and seems to make decisions effortlessly? [PDF]
Over-caffeinated people may have a hard time expressing emotion
Coffee Drinkers Have Trouble Talking About Emotions?
Winners evaluate themselves favorably even when the competitor is incompetent
Studies of human conversation have documented that 30–40% of everyday speech is used to relay information to others about one’s private experiences or personal relationships, and recent surveys of Internet use indicate that upwards of 80% of posts to social media sites (such as Twitter) consist simply of announcements about one’s own immediate experiences. Although other primates do not generally attempt to communicate to others what they know—for example, by pointing out interesting things or modeling behaviors for others to imitate—by 9 mo of age, human children begin trying to draw others’ attention to aspects of the environment that they find important, and adults in all societies make consistent attempts to impart their knowledge to others. […] What drives this propensity for disclosure? Here, we test recent theories that individuals place high subjective value on opportunities to communicate their thoughts and feelings to others and that doing so engages neural and cognitive mechanisms associated with reward. Five studies provided sup- port for this hypothesis. Self-disclosure was strongly associated with increased activation in brain regions that form the mesolimbic dopamine system, including the nucleus accumbens and ventral tegmental area. Moreover, individuals were willing to forgo money to disclose about the self. [PNAS | PDF]
Self-disclosure plays a central role in the development and maintenance of relationships. One way that researchers have explored these processes is by studying the links between self-disclosure and liking. […] Significant disclosure-liking relations were found for each effect: (a) People who engage in intimate disclosures tend to be liked more than people who disclose at lower levels, (b) people disclose more to those whom they initially like, and (c) people like others as a result of having disclosed to them. [Psychological Bulletin | PDF ]
Genes don't just influence your IQ—they determine how well you do in school
Morphed images of Hollywood celebrities reveal how neurons make up your mind
Motion, audio, and location data harvested from a smartphone can be analyzed to accurately predict stress or depression
A new study has suggested that men who exercise on a regular basis are at lower risk of nocturia i.e. waking up at night to urinate.
Awareness can continue for at least several minutes after clinical death [Where did the story come from?]
Neural activity predicts the timing of spontaneous decisions
Losing the sense of smell predicts death within five years, according to new research.
Low-frequency sounds we don't hear could still affect our ears
World's loudest sound circled the Earth four times
World's smallest microphone is just one molecule
How to tell when a robot has written you a letter
The book describes the training of laboratory rats to trade in foreign exchange and commodity futures markets
The online illicit drug economy is booming. Here’s what people are buying.
In carefully crafting a lightbulb with a relatively short life span, the cartel thus hatched the industrial strategy now known as planned obsolescence.
We conduct an empirical study to analyze how waiting in queue in the context of a retail store affects customers’ purchasing behavior. […] pooling multiple queues into a single queue may increase the length of the queue observed by customers and thereby lead to lower revenues. We also find that customers’ sensitivity to waiting is heterogeneous and negatively correlated with price sensitivity, which has important implications for pricing in a multiproduct category subject to congestion effects. [Management Science]
Men are now the primary grocery shoppers in about four in 10 households. But men, food companies have found, have their own priorities.
Americans love to eat out. During the year 2012, the average resident of the United States of America ate more than 200 meals outside the home. This paper studies the history of eating outside the home in America from Colonial to modern times.
Diners Tend To Eat More If Their Companions Are Overweight
Researchers found that when charged more for an all-you-can-eat buffet diners rated the food higher than when charged less for the same food.
Playful new cooking based on traditional methods and weird ingredients will supplant the industrial techniques that dominate modernist cuisine.
Scientists have "hacked" photosynthesis, and it could help them speed up food production
Too Much Air in Potato Chip Packets? Students Make a Boat to Prove It
The World's Most Dangerous Garden
“There’s as much biodiversity in the soils of Central Park as we found in the soil… from the Arctic to Antarctica” […] almost 170,000 different kinds of microbes. […] The team also found 2,000 species of microbes that are apparently unique to Central Park. [ NPR]
10,000 pigeons underwent anal security check in China
The idea of an aesthetically pleasing gluteal region has been with us since early recorded history.
The ban against Spinoza was the harshest ever issued by the Amsterdam Portuguese-Jewish community
In the autumn of 1931, the philosopher Martin Heidegger began to record his thoughts in small diaries that he called the schwarze Hefte, or “black notebooks.”
Do Communists Have Better Sex?
A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback.
A quantitative analysis of the graying of Barack Obama's hair [PDF]
100 Copies of The Beatles' White Album Playing At The Same Time
USB cigarettes (pay-as-you-smoke) patent
I Quant NY [Thanks Tim]
What happens if racing greyhounds not just chase, but actually catch the mechanical rabbit?