The entire film focuses on spatial relations. The opening shot of the film is a wide image of a hotel room that introduces Marion Crane (Janet Leigh) and Sam Loomis (John Gavin) to the audience; we are essentially intruding voyeurs peeping into their private space from a distance. Marion later steals $40,000 and leaves Phoenix for California. The notion of space becomes clear as she drives from one state onto another, referencing the distance that separates her from Sam.
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The audience is immediately presented with this space is detached from civilization; there are only a handful of scenes that take place outside of the walls over the hotel. It’s within this controlled space that Kubrick sets his film....
The detectives navigate through physical spaces for the entire film – dark hallways and alleyways, disorganized rooms and offices, crowded buildings and eateries...
<em>Michael Haneke sets his film within a single location, a Parisian apartment, which was constructed in a soundstage...</em>