Capital Flows

...Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America, artists like the Beastie Boys “convinced music industry executives that rap music, for all of its ‘blackness’ in attitude, style, speech, music,...

Mass Authentic

...grounds of individuality — no more folk culture or tradition, they are strictly in the past — but instead consists of standardized, bureaucratic, massified, synthetic culture. “Authenticity” becomes commercialized nostalgia...