Triple-Decker Weekly, 125

When did people start smiling in photographs?
Chemists find a way to unboil eggs Spicer and Alvesson found that the organizations that acted the most stupidly were investment banks, public relations agencies, and consultancies. Frequent Internet and social media users do not have higher stress levels than those who use technology less often. And for women, using certain digital tools decreases stress. [NY Times] Memory has to be ‘turned on’ in order to remember even the simplest details, a new study finds. When not expecting to be tested, people can forget information just one second after paying attention to it. But, when they expect to be tested, people’s recall is doubled or even tripled. [Scientific American] The variety of things we use time for means the brain keeps track of lengths from milliseconds to decades. These different estimations occur in different brain circuits that span the brain. Sex… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 124

New research suggests that reflecting on a breakup may help heal the heart
Conman sold urine as whiskey Unhealthy people more likely to vote for attractive candidates We've all had that experience of going purposefully from one room to another, only to get there and forget why we made the journey. Four years ago, researcher Gabriel Radvansky and his colleagues stripped this effect down, showing that the simple act of passing through a doorway induces forgetting. Now psychologists at Knox College, USA, have taken things further, demonstrating that merely imagining walking through a doorway is enough to trigger increased forgetfulness. [BPS] Neuroscience research fails to support claims that excessive pornography consumption causes brain damage Amongst heterosexuals, men are almost twice as likely to be upset by sexual infidelity as women, a new study finds. Heterosexual women, meanwhile, are much more likely to be upset by emotional infidelity. During sexual stimulation, some women report… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 123

Basically I had sex with this dude’s wife and this other dude’s girlfriend and then they said, “You’re an honorary member”
This study examines the relationship between physical appearance and labor market outcomes. It focuses on hair color and addresses the effects of the “blonde myth,” a series of perceptions about personality characteristics of blonde women. Inexperienced blonde women earn significantly less than their non-blonde counterparts. This wage gap declines over time, and blonde women with more work experience earn higher wages. The relationship between earnings and hair color is not explained by personal or family characteristics. I argue that employer or customer tastes drive the initial blonde hair penalty; job sorting and mobility allow blonde women to close the gap. [Labour Economics] You shoot a lot of BDSM stuff. How did you get into that scene? One of my neighbors was heavy into it. I took a photo of my neighbor and she posted it on some website and a… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 122

The Male Idiotic Theory (MIT) stipulates that the reason men are more prone to injury and death is simply because they “are idiots and idiots do stupid things“
The Male Idiotic Theory (MIT) stipulates that the reason men are more prone to injury and death is simply because they “are idiots and idiots do stupid things“. Despite tons of anecdotal evidence confirming MIT, there’s never been a systematic analysis on sex differences in idiotic risk taking behaviour. Until now. In a new study published in BMJ, researchers obtained 20 years worth of data from the Darwin Awards to tally up the sex of each year’s winner. For those not in the know, the Darwin Awards are given to people who die in such astonishingly stupid ways that “their action ensures the long-term survival of the species, by selectively allowing one less idiot to survive”. […] Men made up a staggering 88.7 % of Darwin Award winners in 318 examined cases. [Neurorexia] Males are more likely to die than females while in the womb Several weeks… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 121

When I started life Hegelianism was the basis of everything
Man’s toilet explodes while city crew cleans sewers Business culture in banking industry favors dishonest behavior, study shows CEO Facial Width Predicts Firm Financial Policies Facial Feature Assessment of Popular U.S. Country Music Singers Across Social and Economic Conditions How can it be that new music is liked by young people if so much of it is often regarded as quite bad? Around three percent of the Swiss secretly eat cat or dog The younger generation doesn’t have the time or patience to stick with golf, and it’s killing the industry. Researchers able to turn sawdust into gasoline Female inmates regularly concoct their own makeup, or “fakeup,” using food, lotions, and other items provided by their facilities. Automatic gender spoof detection (make-up and mustaches) This year, Paul Aronson, an 84-year-old from Manhattan, contacted a 17-year-old girl, Shaina Foster, through the… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 120

An interesting idea is that the universe could be spontaneously created from nothing
Two Chinese officials bought corpses from grave robbers to meet government cremation quotas In Australia alone roughly 30 people per year suffer lightning shocks delivered by telephone. Journalists consider the importance of events and the audience’s interest in them when deciding on which events to report. Events most likely to be reported are those that are both important and can capture the audience’s interest. In turn, the public is most likely to become aware of important news when some aspect of the story piques their interest. We suggest an efficacious means of drawing public attention to important news stories: dogs. Examining the national news agenda of 10 regional newspapers relative to that of the New York Times, we evaluated the effect of having a dog in a news event on the likelihood that the event is reported in regional newspapers.… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 119

Even depressed people believe that life gets better
Woman blinded as a child can see again after hitting her head on a coffee table. MIT computer scientists can predict the price of Bitcoin Alleged Bitcoin 'creator' is crowdfunding his lawsuit against Newsweek using Bitcoin The owner of Ebola.com wants at least $150,000 for it A recent Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll found that 49% of Americans still believe the U.S. economy is in recession, even though we are now in the sixth year of the recovery. […] If investing when others are skeptical has historically been a successful strategy, why don’t more investors do so? […] Taking advantage of the findings discussed earlier requires investing when the economy and market seem to be at their worst, and rebalancing when conditions appear to be the best. This is counterintuitive for many investors, who tend to wait for confirming evidence… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 118

Neural activity predicts the timing of spontaneous decisions
We will review evidence from neuroscience, complex network research and evolution theory and demonstrate that — at least in terms of psychopharmacological intervention — on the basis of our understanding of brain function it seems inconceivable that there ever will be a drug that has the desired effect without undesirable side effects. [Neuroethics] Anarchist conference descends into chaos Virgos suffering ‘astrological discrimination’ in China The Belgian city of Bruges has approved plans to build a pipeline which will funnel beer underneath its famous cobbled streets. Locals and politicians were fed up with huge lorries clattering through the cobbled streets. Mother drives with 5-month-old in trunk to avoid being cited for not having car seat Blind people have four times more nightmares than sighted people Scientists may have accidentally misread space dust as evidence of the Big Bang Researcher proves, mathematically,… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 117

Time Travel Simulation Resolves “Grandfather Paradox”
People's belief in free will is lower when they need to urinate or desire sex Domestic violence likely more frequent for same-sex couples The main objective of this study was to describe male and female lumbar spine and hip motion and muscle activation patterns during coitus and compare these motions and muscle activity across five common coital positions. […] A secondary objective was to determine if simulated coitus could be used in place of real coitus for future coitus biomechanics research. [via University of Waterloo | PDF] Venezuela’s shortage of breast implants Bra Wearing Not Associated with Breast Cancer Risk Double mastectomy for breast cancer 'does not boost survival chances' Town in Brazil made up entirely of women has made an appeal for bachelors ’Family meal' ideal is stressful, impossible for many families New Toyota minivan equips parents with mic… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 116

Psychologists investigate why some people see the future as being behind them
Psychologists investigate why some people see the future as being behind them Flight diverted after fight over legroom. One passenger was using the Knee Defender, a $21.95 gadget that attaches to a passenger's tray table and prevents the person in front of them from reclining. Seattle doctor accused of sexting during surgery Does Love last? No. Romantic/Passionate love declines after marriage. After two years of marriage, average spouses express affection for each other only half as often as they did when they were newlyweds. Divorces occur more frequently in the fourth year of marriage than at any other time. [Psychology of Romantic Relationships | PDF] Reading 'Fifty Shades' linked to unhealthy behaviors Fifty-eight adolescent girls and 60 young adult women viewed a Facebook profile with either a sexualized profile photo or a nonsexualized profile photo and then evaluated the profile… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 115

peers tend to avoid the degree of overoptimism so often seen in self-predictions
The Real Secret to Detecting Lies (And It’s Not Body Language) [more] In two longitudinal studies, university students, their roommates, and parents assessed the quality and forecast the longevity of the students’ dating relationships. […] Students assessed their relationships more positively, focusing primarily on the strengths of their relationships, and made more optimistic predictions than did parents and roommates. Although students were more confident in their predictions, their explicit forecasts tended to be less accurate than those of the two observer groups. Students, however, possessed information that could have yielded more accurate forecasts. [SAGE] peers tend to avoid the degree of overoptimism so often seen in self-predictions The systematic biases seen in people’s probability judgments are typically taken as evidence that people do not use the rules of probability theory when reasoning about probability but instead use heuristics, which sometimes… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 114

There's little correlation between company performance and CEO pay
Recent theoretical developments in evolutionary psychology suggest that more intelligent individuals may be more likely to prefer to remain childless than less intelligent individuals. Analyses of the National Child Development Study show that more intelligent men and women express preference to remain childless early in their reproductive careers, but only more intelligent women (not more intelligent men) are more likely to remain childless by the end of their reproductive careers. […] Because women have a greater impact on the average intelligence of future generations, the dysgenic fertility among women is predicted to lead to a decline in the average intelligence of the population in advanced industrial nations. [Social Science Research | PDF] Automatically detecting human social intentions from spoken conversation is an important task for dialogue understanding. Since the social intentions of the speaker may differ from what is perceived… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 113

Connecting with others increases happiness, but strangers in close proximity routinely ignore each other
“Emotions such as anger and contempt can seem very threatening for couples. But our study suggests that if spouses, especially wives, are able to calm themselves, their marriages can continue to thrive,” Bloch said. While it is commonly held that women play the role of caretaker and peacemaker in relationships, the study is among the first to reveal this dynamic in action over a long period of time, researchers point out. Results show that the link between the wives’ ability to control emotions and higher marital satisfaction was most evident when women used “constructive communication” to temper disagreements. [UC Berkeley] Major theories propose that spontaneous responding to others’ actions involves mirroring, or direct matching. Responding to facial expressions is assumed to follow this matching principle: People smile to smiles and frown to frowns. We demonstrate here that social power fundamentally… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 112

In the U.S., couples with daughters are somewhat more likely to divorce than couples with sons
Germany’s nudist movement is in decline Many sewage epidemiology studies to date have focused on measuring the drugs carried in urine, dissolved in water. However, now it seems that analysing faecal matter could be more accurate, since some drugs tend to stick more readily to solids. Scientists at the University of East Anglia have made a breakthrough in the race to solve antibiotic resistance. New research published today in the journal Nature reveals an Achilles’ heel in the defensive barrier which surrounds drug-resistant bacterial cells. The findings pave the way for a new wave of drugs that kill superbugs by bringing down their defensive walls rather than attacking the bacteria itself. It means that in future, bacteria may not develop drug-resistance at all. [Phys.org] Few human possessions are so universally owned as mobile phones. There are almost as many mobile… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 111

Surprisingly, the stories of “Pinocchio” and “The Boy Who Cried Wolf” failed to reduce lying in children
This study compared the effectiveness of four classic moral stories in promoting honesty in 3- to 7-year-olds. Surprisingly, the stories of “Pinocchio” and “The Boy Who Cried Wolf” failed to reduce lying in children. In contrast, the apocryphal story of “George Washington and the Cherry Tree” significantly increased truth telling. Further results suggest that the reason for the difference in honesty-promoting effectiveness between the “George Washington” story and the other stories was that the former emphasizes the positive consequences of honesty, whereas the latter focus on the negative consequences of dishonesty. [Psychological Science | PDF] “For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.” St Matthew’s words are oft quoted, albeit usually in an abbreviated form. But are they true?… Read More...

Triple-Decker Weekly, 110

It’s not just an app that says Yo. It’s a whole new means of communication.
Yo is the hottest new app that will leave you scratching your head. The entire premise of the app is to send other users a single word: Yo. […] Without ever having officially launched, co-founder and CEO Or Arbel managed to secure $1.2 million in funding. [Tech Crunch] That $1m funding should cover costs for a year to find out whether Yo really can succeed, Mr Arbel says. […] “It’s not just an app that says Yo,” says Mr Arbel. “It’s a whole new means of communication.” [FT] Yo, the app, has been hacked The present research provides empirical evidence that drug names may entail implicit promises about their therapeutic power. We asked people to evaluate the perceived efficacy and risk associated with hypothetical drug names and other secondary related measures. We compared opaque (without meaning), functional (targeting the health… Read More...